You’re probably here because you’re keen to start channeling your creative skills into the world of music production and beyond. Building beats is great fun and setting up a creative studio space to call your own can be just as rewarding. But, If you’re a bit stuck on how to get started, that’s fine – we were all there at some stage. Below, to help you along with this process, we’ve created a handy guide to setting up your home studio. This includes the basics from a step by step guide to a roundup of some key, affordable pieces of equipment every producer should have in their studio’s armory.
First things first, you’ll need a good space to set up your studio in. Like many producers, you will probably begin creating your first set up in your bedroom. This is cost effective and handy for creating music in a comfortable and familiar space. When setting up your desk it’s always good to keep space between your speakers and the walls. An equilateral triangle between you and the speakers is the perfect shape for your gear as it puts you in the prime position for playback. Bass traps are handy, but if you’re not in the position to buy and mount these fixtures, a sofa or shelves with books behind you can work as a handy substitute.
Nowadays, a computer loaded with software and plugins is the central point of a home studio set up. This is the brain of your studio and can be used to record MIDI, audio, mix your tracks and more. Considering the processor speed and RAM of your computer is important, whether you’re using a PC or Mac you’ll also need a good amount of hardware space. A PC Laptop with good specs is around £800 – £1200 with a desktop equivalent coming in at about £700 – £1300. iMac’s are great for home studios and are priced at £1200 however we’d suggest going with a MacBook Pro for circa £1250. Having a laptop will allow you to make beats on the go and take your tracks to other studios as well as DJ with various software.
Digital Audio Workstation (DAW)
There is a variety of fantastic DAW’s on the market for you to take your pick from. If you’re new to music production, a DAW is a Digital Audio Workstation and will serve as your main computer program to build beats, chop samples, record audio and MIDI. Your DAW of choice will vary depending on what works best for you. There is a variety of fantastic DAW’s on the market for you to take your pick from including Ableton, Logic, GarageBand, Pro Tools, FL Studio, Cubase, Reason, and more but keep in mind depending on your computer some of these will only be accessible to Mac users (ie Logic and Garageband). Despite what you choose, they all come bundled with lots of soft-synths, drum hits and plugin tools (reverbs, EQs, Delays etc.) to get you started. Prices vary but you won’t find yourself spending more than £150 – £250 on Logic with Ableton, our DAW of choice, coming in at £319 or £539. GarageBand also comes free with a MacBook Pro.
Monitoring your sound is extremely important when producing music. On an entry-level budget, you can still get solid equipment that will give you a professional sound. When choosing an audio interface/soundcard it’s always good to note how many inputs/outputs you have or want to work with. Think about what you actually want to use the interface for. Is it just listening to your track? Is it recording? If so – what are you recording? Do you need to connect a microphone, synth or another piece of hardware and do you want more than one connected simultaneously? Make sure to do some research into your interface before you purchase and look into the sample rate – a better sample rate will have better sound definition. Although there are lots of interfaces to choose from, our top pick for a beginner is the Focusrite Scarlett 2i2. It’s the best quality, easy to use and is sturdily built for the price you pay. If you have a mid-budget you’re looking at £500 – £1000. The Universal Audio Apollo Twin MK II is our top pick for the mid-range spectrum.
Studio monitors come in all shapes, sizes and designs and dependent on the size of your home studio it’s always important to consider the size and placement of your speaker set up. As mentioned before, the perfect triangle between each speaker and yourself is desired and leaving some space between the back wall and your speakers will help counter any muddy bass congestion. Our picks for entry level speakers are KRK Rokits. These come in a variety of different sizes and models with affordable prices ranging from £250 and up. For those who are looking to step up from the Rokits, we suggest ADAM Audio A7X‘s. They’re priced around £800 and provide a very accurate sound for your money.
It’s not vital but strongly recommended that you hook yourself up with a MIDI controller. DAWs have the ability to enter MIDI with your mouse with some offering the ability to use your computer keys as a keyboard but for those of you who play the piano, this is likely not going to quench your thirst for playing in your sounds. MIDI keyboards/controllers will enable you to control the inbuilt sounds your DAW has on offer. Whether this is one of the soft-synths recording in bass, melodies and more, or using the controller as a sampler to punch in drums, this will help you experiment, up your productivity speed and give your tracks a more organic sounding flow. For a beginner, we’d suggest the Novation Launch Key which features 9 faders, transport controls to control your DAWs start and stop functions, pads and more. Another one of our selections is the Komplete Kontrol from Native Instruments.
If you plan to record a lot of audio such as vocals, guitar, piano, drums and other instruments in your studio, having a microphone in your set up is essential. For the best all-around results, a condenser mic is a great place to start. For your first set up we would highly recommend the Shure SM58. This is vital to any mic collection and is perfect for recording a diverse range of instruments.
Once you’ve got your studio gear setup you’ll need to think about the best way to connect it all. The majority of your new gear will be connectable via certain cables, for example, your audio interface to your speakers will be XLRs or Quarter Inch Jack cables and your MIDI controller to your laptop will likely be USB powered. It’s always good to have spares on hand just in case a cable breaks – this way your creative flow won’t be interrupted during your studio session.
Loading up on additional software is arguably the most fun part of the process. Now you’re all set up and ready to start making magic, there are thousands of VSTs, plugins and sample packs online for you to explore and get experimenting with. Although there are lots of paid options, our recommendations including Waves, Native Instruments’ Komplete, Universal Audio and Arturia’s complete collection, there are lots of incredible free plugins on offer too. Check out our list of must-have free plugins here. It’s likely that if you are a beginner your DAW of choice is going to have lots of great plugins and presets to get you started with – so don’t worry if you’re not ready for third-party software yet!
This post was first published @ Point Blank